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GPY 4384 Research Methods

Art Therapy - Research Methodology

Why Cite?

Whenever you use another person's language, ideas, or other original content, you need to acknowledge this both within the body of your paper using in-text citations and at the end of your paper in the bibliography or reference page.

Make sure that you have solid supporting evidence of your own ideas. How will your teacher determine your grade? By how well you support your ideas. By citing reliable and strong research, you demonstrate that you understand your topic and that your own ideas and research are reliable and based on good research.

How you cite will help others find the sources that informed your ideas and research. If the reader can't figure out what you're citing, it's the same as not citing at all.

These 3 main reasons for citing will help you avoid plagiarism:

  1. Note whose ideas you are using
  2. Explain how that supports your own thesis
  3. Use a consistent citation format that people can track


When to Cite


Basics of Citation Format

The Basics of Citation Formats


  • Who wrote it?
  • Can be one or more individuals, an organizational body, or government department.


  • What type of information is it? What is the title?


  • Where was it published? Where can it be located?
  • For books it is the name and location of the publisher.
  • For articles it is the name of the journal or newspaper, and the page numbers.


  • What is the date of publication?
  • For books, only need year.
  • For journals, need month/season and year.
  • For newspapers and blogs, need full date: month, date, and year.