Per NDNU Student Conduct Code, "Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit." Plagiarism is cheating and is viewed as "academic dishonesty" and therefore, "academic misconduct."
You have plagiarized when you...
To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit by citing sources whenever you use
another person’s idea, opinion, or theory
any facts, statistics, graphs, drawings—any pieces of information—that are not common knowledge
quotations of another person’s actual spoken or written words
paraphrase of another person’s spoken or written words
You don’t need to cite sources when the information you write about are common facts, your own original research, and/or your own opinions and evaluations.
Some tips to avoid unintentional plagiarism
Self-plagiarism is the reuse of one's own work without providing proper attribution. Self-plagiarism can have both legal and ethical implications. You can learn more about self-plagiarism and how to avoid it in the resources linked below.
Roig, M. (2006). Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing. Retrieved from https://www.cse.msu.edu/~alexliu/plagiarism.pdf
NDNU, like all American universities, views plagiarism as "academic misconduct" or "academic dishonesty" or "violation of academic integrity."
NDNU's Policies regarding Academic Misconduct take from NDNU's Student Conduct Code
Per NDNU's Student Conduct Code, "representing another person‟s ideas, processes, results, or words, as your own; using the ideas, organization, or words of another from a book, article, paper, computer file, or another source in any assignment without giving proper credit following accepted citation rules" is viewed as plagiarism.
Academic Misconduct Introduction: All members of the university community have a responsibility to protect and maintain an academic climate of integrity and ethics. Academic relationships should be governed by a sense of trust and a commitment to learning and working in an environment that is a level playing field for all students. Deceptive acts violate the standards that are critical for every student to have his/her work equitably evaluated. It is important that a member of the community who is aware of a breach of the standard of conduct bring it to the attention of the course instructor.
Definition of Academic Misconduct: Academic misconduct involves wrongful acts occurring in the course of or related to curricular activities including but not limited to:
Definition of Research Misconduct: Research Misconduct is a specific form of Academic Misconduct that has been defined by the Federal Office of Research Integrity and violations must be investigated and reported through the Office of the Provost. The essence of research scholarship is the pursuit of knowledge. Actions that undermine the integrity of scholarly activity impede the advancement of knowledge, compromise the work of other investigators, harm members of the general public, and damage the reputation of the University. NDNU employs the federal definition of research misconduct, as defined by the U.S. Office of Research Integrity, to mean the “fabrication, falsification or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.” According to the U.S. Office of Research Integrity:
Sanctions for Academic Misconduct Cases: University policy permits discipline up to and including the expulsion for academic misconduct. If a faculty member believes that a student has engaged in academic misconduct, the faculty member may take any of the following actions at the time the misconduct is detected, and must, as part of the process, present evidence to the student of the misconduct: